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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 242050     Find in a Library
  Title: Toxicology and Characteristics of Deaths Involving Zolpidem in New South Wales, Australia 2001–2010
  Document URL: HTML 
  Author(s): Shane Darke, Ph.D. ; Mark Deady, B.Psych. ; Johan Duflou, M.Med.Path.
  Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:57  Issue:5  Dated:September 2012  Pages:1259 to 1262
  Date Published: 09/2012
  Page Count: 4
  Annotation: This study examined cases presented to the New South Wales Department of Forensic Medicine between January 1, 2001 and September 31, 2010 in which zolpidem was detected.
  Abstract: All cases presenting to the New South Wales Department of Forensic Medicine between January 1, 2001 and September 31, 2010 in which zolpidem was detected, were retrieved. A total of 91 cases were identified. The mean age was 49.4 years, 65.9 percent were male, and 61.5 percent were suicides. Zolpidem was a factor contributing to death in 35 (37.3 percent) cases, of which 31 (34.1 percent) involved zolpidem toxicity. The median blood zolpidem concentration was 0.20 mg/L (range 0.05–3.50 mg/L), with no significant gender difference. Drug toxicity cases involving zolpidem had significantly higher median blood zolpidem concentrations than other cases (0.50 vs. 0.10 mg/L). In 83.5 percent of cases, psychoactive substances other than zolpidem were detected, most commonly antidepressants (46.2 percent), benzodiazepines (35.2 percent), opioids (26.4 percent), and alcohol (39.6 percent). In summary, zolpidem was a factor contributing to death in a large proportion of cases, predominately involving drug toxicity and suicide. Abstract published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons.
  Main Term(s): Forensics/Forensic Sciences
  Index Term(s): Suicide ; Drug effects ; Toxic reactions ; Drug analysis ; Prescription drugs ; New South Wales
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264212

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