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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 242066     Find in a Library
  Title: Alcohol Dependence and Criminal Behavior: Preliminary Results of an Association Study of Environmental and Genetic Factors in an Italian Male Population
  Document URL: HTML 
  Author(s): Claudio Terranova, M.D. ; Marianna Tucci, Ph.D. ; Daniela Sartore, M.D. ; Fabiano Cavarzeran, M.Sc. ; Luisa Barzon, A.P. ; Giorgio Palu, F.P. ; Santo D. Ferrara, F.P.
  Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:57  Issue:5  Dated:September 2012  Pages:1343 to 1348
  Date Published: 09/2012
  Page Count: 6
  Annotation: The aim of this study is to propose an innovative approach evaluating the connection between alcohol use disorders and criminal behavior.
  Abstract: The aim of this study is to propose an innovative approach evaluating the connection between alcohol use disorders and criminal behavior. The research, structured as a case–control study, was based on the analysis of environmental (social variables) and genetic factors (single nucleotide polymorphisms of glutamic acid decarboxylase) in a population (N = 173) of Italian alcohol-dependent men. Group 1 (N = 47, convicted subjects) was compared with group 2 (N = 126, no previous criminal conduct). Grade repetition, work problems, and drug problems were statistically associated with criminal behavior. Having daily family meals together and having children were inversely related to convictions. The genotype distribution of the two groups was similar. The association between environmental factors and antisocial behavior confirms previous findings in the literature. The lack of genetic association does not exclude the role of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) system in determining antisocial behavior; further studies with larger samples are needed, together with investigation of other components of the GABA pathway. Abstract published by arrangement with John Wiley & Sons.
  Main Term(s): Forensics/Forensic Sciences
  Index Term(s): Violent crimes ; Case studies ; Aggression ; Alcohol-crime relationship
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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