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NCJ Number: NCJ 242152     Find in a Library
Title: Social Psychology of Disintegrative Shaming in Education
Author(s): Joel H. Brown ; Amy M. Clarey, M.A.
  Journal: Journal of Drug Education  Volume:42  Issue:2  Dated:2012  Pages:229 to 253
Date Published: 2012
Page Count: 25
  Annotation: This article discusses the results of an evaluation of studies examining the effects of disintegrative shaming programs used by the educational community on young people.
Abstract: This article presents the results of an evaluation of the effects of disintegrative shaming programs used by the educational community to deal with the problem of drug use by young people. The evaluation found that as a rule, the programs used in schools such as DARE (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) and LST (Life Skills Training), instead of resulting in lower levels of drug use, led to the formation of cognitive dissonance among the students and a belief that the schools and school personnel did not care about them or wish to help them overcome their problems. This finding was particularly notable for programs involving zero tolerance policies. The evaluation of these programs was conducted due to research that has indicated the negative effects resulting from use of DARE and LST programs in schools, especially as they relate to minority students. The evaluation was conducted over a 4-year period by the State of California to assess the implementation and effectiveness of drug education programs and interventions delivered in the State and across the country. The evaluation was conducted on the programs’ effects on approximately 5,000 students in grades 7-12 in 118 schools across 77 districts in the State. The evaluation found that the use of fear and shaming by educators resulted in the development of cognitive dissonance among the students leading students to believe that educators had no desire to help them overcome their problems and improve their level of achievement in school. Study limitations are discussed. Table and references
Main Term(s): Drug abuse education
Index Term(s): Educational benefits ; Deterrence ; Deterrence effectiveness ; Juvenile drug use ; Juvenile educational services ; Project DARE ; Drug-free school zones ; Prevention and Education (drug)
Publisher URL: 
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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