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NCJ Number: NCJ 242164    
Title: Effects of High Imprisonment Rates on Communities From Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 37, P 97-132, 2008, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-242161)
Author(s): Todd R. Clear
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 36
  Annotation: This essay examines the effects of incarceration.
Abstract: When large number of parent-aged adults, especially men, cycle through stays in prison and jail at very high rates, communities are negatively affected in myriad ways, including damage to social networks, social relationships, and long-term life chances. These effects impair children, family functioning, mental and physical health, labor markets, and economic and political infrastructures. There are considerable methodological challenges in trying to link the consequences of concentrated incarceration to reduced public safety. Findings from studies are mixed. Yet, as empirical evidence grows of the negative collateral consequences of concentrated incarceration, the likelihood that concentrated incarceration is criminogenic in its effects on those communities becomes stronger. No well-established or proven strategy exists for combating the effects of concentrated incarceration on communities. Most current debates about penal policy are essentially oblivious to the problem. Solutions must flow from changes in the Nation’s penal philosophy and its sentencing laws. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Sentencing/Sanctions ; Effects of imprisonment ; Children of incarcerated offenders ; Family support ; Sentencing reform ; Sentencing trends
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher URL: 
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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