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NCJ Number: NCJ 242166    
Title: California’s Correctional Paradox of Excess and Deprivation (From Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 37, P 207-278, 2008, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-242161)
Author(s): Joan Petersilia
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 72
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.press.uchicago.edu 
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This essay discusses California's correctional system.
Abstract: Rapidly expanding prison populations in California have brought a host of management challenges. One in seven State prisoners is housed there. California spends more than $9 billion a year on its correctional system, yet 66 percent of released inmates return to prison within 3 years. Prison assaults, homicide, and suicides are more common in California than nationally, fueled by a growing number of gang-affiliated prisoners and inmates serving long “three strikes” sentences. Few improvements have occurred despite a much-touted reform effort beginning in 2003. Some blame the politically potent prison guards union, because guards’ high salaries leave little funding for inmate programs. Others blame California’s determinate sentencing laws, which makes parole release automatic. California needs to reverse its three-decade-old determinate sentencing law, establish a sentencing commission, implement evidence-based rehabilitation programs, adopt a parole violation decision matrix, invest in intermediate sanctions, and work collaboratively with communities on reentry programs. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Incarceration and Imprisonment ; Cost effectiveness analysis ; Determinate Sentencing ; Corrections management ; Sentencing reform ; Prison conditions ; California
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264328

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