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NCJ Number: NCJ 242168    
Title: Trust, Welfare, and Political Culture: Explaining Differences in National Penal Policies (From Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 37, P 313-387, 2008, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-242161)
Author(s): Tapio Lappi-Seppala
Date Published: 2008
Page Count: 75
  Annotation: This essay examined the differences in national penal policies.
Abstract: Countries vary enormously in their punishment policies and practices. A nascent literature has begun to explain these differences. There are no simple explanations. Neither high or rising crime rates nor heightened public anxiety or severity explain why policies become tougher or are tougher in some places than in others. The most powerful predictors of moderation in policy and practices are high levels of confidence in fellow citizens and in government, strong welfare states, and consensus compared with conflict political systems. Other important factors include insulation of the legal system from politics, the way in which justice system personnel are trained, and the nature of the mass media. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Sentencing/Sanctions ; Punishment ; Legislation ; Political influences ; Crime control policies ; Corrections policies ; Criminal justice system policy
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher URL: 
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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