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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 242286     Find in a Library
  Title: Gangs in America III
  Editor(s): C. Ronald Huff
  Date Published: 2001
  Page Count: 332
  Annotation: This collection of essays assesses behavioral, ecological, and socioeconomic dimensions of gangs; discusses important ethnicity and gender factors; and presents research and community experience concerning reciprocal relationships between gangs and communities.
  Abstract: The importance of gang membership for the identity of gang members has become a matter of contention between those who study gangs. Ethnographic research indicates gangs often describe members and cliques in terms customarily reserved for families and other loved ones. Yet, intra-gang conflict is endemic in most gangs, and gang membership clearly increases vulnerability to violence for many gang members. Field observations of the shifting membership of many gangs and the relative ease with which adolescents can avoid gang membership suggest that the importance of gang membership for the identity of individual members varies. The relevance of gang membership for individual behavior is especially vexing for both law enforcement and researchers. Several themes in recent gang research stand out: (1) the number of gangs in the United States has increased rapidly; (2) gang membership has become more diverse; (3) most gangs are not very stable in membership or very cohesive; (4) the age range of gang members has expanded; (5) drug use and drug selling by gang members have increased; and (6) gang violence has become more widespread and more lethal. Reasons for the increase in gangs are discussed, with particular attention paid to gang homicide, the national scope of gang crime, neighborhood change resulting from gang activities, the criminal behavior of gang members and non-gang at-risk youth, factors related to the decision to leave a gang, gang diversity, female gang members, and community responses to gangs. References, notes, tables, and figures
  Main Term(s): Gangs
  Index Term(s): Crime Causes ; Homicide ; Violent crimes ; Juvenile delinquency factors ; Juvenile delinquency prevention ; Community crime prevention programs ; Female juvenile delinquents ; Violent juvenile offenders ; Juvenile murderers ; Juvenile drug use ; Juvenile drug abusers ; Minority juvenile offenders ; Violence causes ; Adolescents at risk ; Gender issues ; Gang Prevention ; United States of America
  Publication Number: ISBN 0-7619-2424-8
  Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
  Type: Issue Overview
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. See NCJ 125752 and NCJ 165296 for the first and second editions of this work.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264357

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