skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 242296    
  Title: How Drug Enforcement Affects Drug Prices (From Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, V 39, P 213-271, 2010, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-242292)
  Author(s): Jonathan P. Caulkins ; Peter Reuter
  Date Published: 2010
  Page Count: 59
  Annotation: This essay examines how drug enforcement affects the price of drugs.
  Abstract: Enforcement against drug selling remains the principal tool of drug control in the United States and many other countries. Although the risk of incarceration for a drug dealer has risen fivefold or more over the last 25 years in the United States, the prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen substantially. Different models of how enforcement affects drug supply may help explain the paradox. There are substantial periods in which drug markets are not in the stable equilibrium that has informed much of the empirical research. Enforcement is likely to be more effective in preventing the formation of a mass market than in suppressing such a market once it has formed. Once a mass market is established, there may be little return to intense enforcement. A modest level of enforcement may generate most of the benefits from prohibition. (Published Abstract)
  Main Term(s): Drug Policy
  Index Term(s): Police effectiveness ; Deterrence effectiveness ; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs ; Drug prices
  Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
  Publisher URL: 
  Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.