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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 242296    
Title: How Drug Enforcement Affects Drug Prices (From Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, V 39, P 213-271, 2010, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-242292)
Author(s): Jonathan P. Caulkins ; Peter Reuter
Date Published: 2010
Page Count: 59
  Annotation: This essay examines how drug enforcement affects the price of drugs.
Abstract: Enforcement against drug selling remains the principal tool of drug control in the United States and many other countries. Although the risk of incarceration for a drug dealer has risen fivefold or more over the last 25 years in the United States, the prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen substantially. Different models of how enforcement affects drug supply may help explain the paradox. There are substantial periods in which drug markets are not in the stable equilibrium that has informed much of the empirical research. Enforcement is likely to be more effective in preventing the formation of a mass market than in suppressing such a market once it has formed. Once a mass market is established, there may be little return to intense enforcement. A modest level of enforcement may generate most of the benefits from prohibition. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Drug Policy
Index Term(s): Police effectiveness ; Deterrence effectiveness ; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs ; Drug prices
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher URL: 
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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