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NCJ Number: NCJ 242299    
Title: Neighborhood Change and Crime in the Modern Metropolis (From Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, V 39, P 441-502, 2010, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-242292)
Author(s): David S. Kirk ; John H. Laub
Date Published: 2010
Page Count: 62
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.press.uchicago.edu 
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Few empirical studies of crime have treated neighborhoods as dynamic entities by examining how processes of growth, change, and decline affect neighborhood rates of crime.
Abstract: From a small yet burgeoning collection of dynamic research related to population migration - including population loss, gentrification, development, and demolition of public housing, home ownership and home foreclosure, and immigration - one knows that neighborhoods change, even when it leads to socioeconomic improvements, tends to have a destabilizing influence that results in increases in crime in the short term. This occurs, in part, because residential turnover undermines informal social control. There is evidence across a variety of neighborhood changes, including population loss from central cities and gentrification, that population migration is a cause and consequence of crime. However, too few studies pay adequate attention to how methodological choices affect inferences about the effects of neighborhoods on crime, and not much is known about the relationship between neighborhood change and crime, especially regarding causal mechanisms. Longitudinal data on neighborhood social and cultural processes and population migration are needed to advance our understanding of neighborhood change and crime. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Social change ; Social conditions ; Informal social control ; Social change-delinquency relationship ; Metropolitan Area ; Neighborhood
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264370

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