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NCJ Number: NCJ 242300    
Title: Regulation of Prison Conditions (From Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, V 39, P 503-563, 2010, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-242292)
Author(s): Dirk van Zyl Smit
Date Published: 2010
Page Count: 61
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.press.uchicago.edu 
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This essay examines how the regulation of prison conditions are achieved in modern prison systems.
Abstract: Prisons in modern societies are complex bureaucracies that are subject to regulation through a range of external monitoring and internal inspection mechanisms. Internal inspections are closely connected to the bureaucracies that manage individual prison systems. External monitoring is conducted by international, regional, and national organizations. In theory, international monitoring by organs of the United Nations has a worldwide reach, but its impact in a particular country depends on whether the country has ratified the relevant international instrument and agreed to being monitored. Regional monitoring is particularly prominent in Europe. It is less prominent in other regions. The form that national external monitoring adopts varies greatly between countries. It may be done by a specially created inspectorate, human rights committee, or ombudsman. Local monitoring committees for individual prisons, complaints procedures, and court actions may all serve regulatory functions. These diverse bodies are most effective as monitoring organizations when they are independent, apply clear standards, and have political support. Their efficacy may be increased by international support and the acceptance at the national level of the salience of human rights standards for prison conditions. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Correctional facilities
Index Term(s): Ombudsmen ; International agreements ; Prison management ; Correctional facility inspections ; Prison conditions
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264371

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