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NCJ Number: NCJ 242301    
Title: Rape and Attrition in the Legal Process: A Comparative Analysis of Five Countries (From Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, V 39, P 565-650, 2010, Michael Tonry, ed. - See NCJ-242292)
Author(s): Kathleen Daly ; Brigitte Bouhours
Date Published: 2010
Page Count: 86
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.press.uchicago.edu 
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Despite legal reforms, there has been little improvement in police, prosecutor, and court handling of rape and sexual assault.
Abstract: In the past 15 years in Australia, Canada, England and Wales, Scotland, and the United States, victimization surveys show that 14 percent of sexual violence victims report the offense to the police. Of these, 30 percent proceed to prosecution, 20 percent are adjudicated in court, 12.5 percent are convicted of any sexual offense, and 6.5 percent are convicted of the original offense charged. In the past 35 years, average conviction rates have declined from 18 percent to 12.5 percent, although they have not fallen in all countries. Significant country differences are evident in how cases are handled and where in the legal process attrition is most likely. There is some good news: a victim’s “good” character and credibility and stranger relations are less important than they once were in police or court outcomes. However, evidence of non-consent (witness evidence, physical injuries to the victim, suspect’s use of a weapon) continues to be important. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Rape ; Comparative analysis ; Case processing ; England ; Canada ; Australia ; Scotland ; Wales ; United States of America
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264372

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