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NCJ Number: NCJ 242392     Find in a Library
Title: Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism Continuing Education Article
Journal: Journal of Pharmacy Practice  Volume:26  Issue:3  Dated:June 2013  Pages:165 to 170
Author(s): Peter D. Anderson, Pharm.D. ; Gyula Bokor, M.D.
Date Published: 06/2013
Page Count: 6
Document: HTML 
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses terrorism involving radioactive materials.
Abstract: Terrorism involving radioactive materials includes improvised nuclear devices, radiation exposure devices, contamination of food sources, radiation dispersal devices, or an attack on a nuclear power plant or a facility/vehicle that houses radioactive materials. Ionizing radiation removes electrons from atoms and changes the valence of the electrons enabling chemical reactions with elements that normally do not occur. Ionizing radiation includes alpha rays, beta rays, gamma rays, and neutron radiation. The effects of radiation consist of stochastic and deterministic effects. Cancer is the typical example of a stochastic effect of radiation. Deterministic effects include acute radiation syndrome (ARS). The hallmarks of ARS are damage to the skin, gastrointestinal tract, hematopoietic tissue, and in severe cases the neurovascular structures. Radiation produces psychological effects in addition to physiological effects. Radioisotopes relevant to terrorism include titrium, americium 241, cesium 137, cobalt 60, iodine 131, plutonium 238, califormium 252, iridium 192, uranium 235, and strontium 90. Medications used for treating a radiation exposure include antiemetics, colony-stimulating factors, antibiotics, electrolytes, potassium iodine, and chelating agents. Abstract published by arrangement with Sage Journals.
Main Term(s): Domestic terrorism
Index Term(s): Radioactive material ; Radioactive analysis ; Domestic Preparedness
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264467

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