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NCJ Number: NCJ 242419     Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Program Completion on Offender Recidivism
Author(s): Cynthia A. Kempinen, Ph.D. ; Leigh Tinik
Corporate Author: Pennsylvania Cmssn on Sentencing
United States of America
Date Published: 01/2009
Page Count: 96
Sale Source: Pennsylvania Cmssn on Sentencing
PO Box 1045
Harrisburg, PA 17108-1045
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The focus of this 2009 report to the Pennsylvania Legislature on the State’s Boot Camp is on factors related to successful program completion and factors related to recidivism, including program completion status.
Abstract: Although graduates of the Boot Camp were less likely than non-graduates to reoffend, this finding was not significant in the multivariate model; however, it did approach significance, suggesting that this issue is worthy of future attention. The strongest predictor of both new arrests and technical violations after leaving the program was the number of prior arrests. In addition, offenders who were younger and had been incarcerated as a juvenile were significantly more likely to be both re-arrested and receive technical violations. Offenders were more likely to be re-arrested, but not more likely to receive a technical violation, if they were non-White, had been unemployed, had difficulty controlling their temper, and came from a less supportive family. Offenders were more likely to receive a technical violation, but not more likely to be re-arrested, if they were male, had a lower education level, had committed a property crime, and recognized that they needed help with a substance abuse problem. A number of the predictive factors for re-offending (e.g., incarceration as a juvenile, poor school performance, and family difficulties) suggest the importance of early intervention when high-risk factors are evident. After participating in Boot Camp, offenders were significantly more likely to report they were less impulsive, better decisionmakers, and more likely to abstain from drugs. Since the inception of the Motivational Boot Camp Program in 1992, another alternative prison program, State Intermediate Punishment, was established in 2005. Since the Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing has been tasked with evaluating both of these programs, it is anticipated that future studies will address what type of program works best for what type of offender. Extensive tables
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis ; Services effectiveness ; Intermediate sanctions ; Treatment effectiveness ; Pennsylvania
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264494

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