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NCJ Number: NCJ 242428     Find in a Library
Title: New Era in California Juvenile Justice
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Barry Krisberg, Ph.D. ; Linh Vuong ; Christopher Hartney ; Susan Marchionna
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America

Berkeley Center for Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 10/2010
Page Count: 18
  Annotation: This study identifies and analyzes the factors that may have contributed to the “decarceration” trend for youth in California between 1996 and 2009; and it examines concurrent trends in crime, arrests, and the use of other forms of custody.
Abstract: The study determined that in 1996, California began to reverse traditional funding trends through a legislative mandate that made counties pay more to send youth to the custody of the State California Youth Authority (CYA). Simultaneously, the State began providing grants to counties for building new juvenile facilities and implementing new alternative sentencing programs. This new trend was fostered by the influence of youth advocacy groups, which intensified in the early 2000s; however, this effort stalled when the voters passed Proposition 21, which increased penalties for many crimes and made it easier to move young offenders to adult courts. Also, during this period, the Governor moved the CYA under the control of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, despite the objections of most juvenile justice professionals and youth advocates. In the face of allegations of abuse, growing evidence of high recidivism rates, the increasing cost of sending youth to State facilities, and a lawsuit that mandated reform of many aspects of the CYA, in 2007, legislators enacted comprehensive reforms to “realign” the juvenile justice system, requiring that nonviolent juvenile offenders and parole violators be kept at the local level and shifting some funding to counties for the management of new clients. Although many youth advocates continue to call for the closing of the CYA, State facilities continue to provide custody for more serious juvenile offenders whose needs are not being met at the local level. Without a better option than existing county programs, there is concern that many youth will be sent to adult prisons and jails. 1 table
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice reform
Index Term(s): Funding sources ; Alternatives to institutionalization ; Intergovernmental relations ; State plans ; History of juvenile justice ; California
Sponsoring Agency: William T. Grant Foundation
United States of America

Van Loben Sels Foundation
United States of America

San Francisco Foundation
United States of America
Sale Source: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
1970 Broadway, Suite 500
Oakland, CA 94612
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview ; Legislation/Policy Analysis
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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