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NCJ Number: NCJ 242445    
Title: Nordic Youth Justice (From Crime and Justice in Scandinavia, P 199-264, 2011, Michael Tonry and Tapio Lappi-Seppala, eds. - See NCJ-242441)
Author(s): Tapio Lappi-Seppala
Date Published: 2011
Page Count: 66
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher: http://www.press.uchicago.edu 
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This essay examines the Nordic system of criminal justice for youth.
Abstract: Nordic systems for dealing with young offenders constitute a "Nordic model of youth justice" and at the same time differ among themselves in important respects. Similarities include a common statutory presumption against confinement, a high age of criminal responsibility (15 except in Denmark), active collaboration between the justice and child welfare systems, and the absence of specialized juvenile courts. Differences include much higher levels of penal confinement in Denmark and Norway than in Finland and Sweden, and greater differentiation between justice system and child welfare approaches in Finland and Norway than in Denmark and Sweden. Even when institutional placements in both welfare and justice facilities are taken into account in comparative analyses, however, the Nordic countries rely much less heavily on confinement of young offenders than England and Wales. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems
Index Term(s): Incarceration and Imprisonment ; Comparative analysis ; Alternatives to institutionalization ; Juvenile justice policies ; England ; Sweden ; Denmark ; Finland ; Norway ; Wales
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264520

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