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NCJ Number: NCJ 242448    
Title: Delinquency Research in the Nordic Countries (From Crime and Justice in Scandinavia, P 405-477, 2011, Michael Tonry and Tapio Lappi-Seppala, eds. - See NCJ-242441)
Author(s): Janne Kivivuori ; Jon Gunnar Bernburg
Date Published: 2011
Page Count: 73
  Annotation: This paper examines Nordic delinquency research.
Abstract: Research on delinquent behavior has traditionally been a core emphasis of Nordic criminological research. Historically, Nordic cooperation in criminology began with the world's first ever internationally comparative survey of self-reported delinquency, the Nordic Draftee Research program, 1961-64. Youths of the five Nordic nations tend to manifest relatively similar prevalence levels of delinquent behavior, with a partial exception that Danish adolescents have above-average levels of substance use and property offending. During the 1990s, Danish, Finnish, and Swedish surveys revealed a consistent rise in the number of law-abiding youths, a trend explained by a coincidence of multiple social changes: diminishing cohort sizes, the rise of the surveillance society, increasingly conservative and anti-crime attitudes among youths, and changing routine activities, some of which may have resulted in crime-type displacement (from traditional theft to computer-related crime) instead of overall crime reduction. Reviewed articles in core journals reveal that focal concerns of Nordic delinquency researchers have been social problems-related research, the question of generality versus specialization of delinquency, longitudinal research in individual-level risk factors, methodological research, and research on the social causation of delinquency. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile delinquency
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Comparative analysis ; Juvenile delinquency research ; Foreign criminal justice research ; Sweden ; Denmark ; Finland ; Norway ; Iceland
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Publisher URL: 
Type: Issue Overview
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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