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NCJ Number: NCJ 242655     Find in a Library
Title: Fear of Crime, Incivilities, and Collective Efficacy in Four Miami Neighborhoods
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:41  Issue:1  Dated:January/February 2013  Pages:1 to 11
Author(s): Marc L. Swatt ; Sean P. Varano ; Craig D. Uchida ; Shellie E. Solomon
Date Published: 02/2013
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Children's Trust of Miami, Florida
United States of America
Contract Number: 864-234
Publisher: http://www.elsevier.com 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This research examined the relationship between neighborhood residents’ perceptions of “collective efficacy” (a neighborhood’s capacity to create and enforce normative levels of pro-social behavior), perceptions of “incivilities” (the presence of physical and/or social disorder in a neighborhood), and residents’ fear of crime; and it determined whether any relationship differed across neighborhoods.
Abstract: The study found that perceptions of collective efficacy had a significant relationship with fear of crime in two of the four neighborhoods examined in Miami-Dade County. Other important relationships for fear of crime that differed among the four neighborhoods were satisfaction with police, perceptions of incivilities, and the use of neighborhood resources. Possible explanations for these findings are proposed. These findings suggest that context is critical when designing interventions intended to combat fear of crime in a neighborhood. Strategies that may be effective in one neighborhood may not be effective in another neighborhood. The data used in this research came from a larger study that examined the relationship between collective efficacy and crime in Miami-Dade County. Researchers selected a random sample of households from the four neighborhoods for participation in community surveys. The surveys used a database of all active mailing addresses known to the U.S. Postal Service. Structural equation models were used to examine the relationships between perceptions of collective efficacy, perceptions of incivilities, and fear of crime for each neighborhood separately. Tests for invariance were conducted in order to determine whether the coefficients from these models differed across neighborhoods. 4 tables, 41 references, and appended survey questions used in scale construction
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Social conditions ; Comparative analysis ; Fear of crime ; Informal social control ; Florida ; Neighborhood
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=264730

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