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NCJ Number: NCJ 242659     Find in a Library
Title: Attempting to Reduce Firearms Violence Through a Comprehensive Anti-Gang Initiative (CAGI): An Evaluation of Process and Impact
Author(s): Edmund F. McGarrell ; Nicholas Corsaro ; Chris Melde ; Natalie K. Hipple ; Timothy Bynum ; Jennifer Cobbina
  Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:41  Issue:1  Dated:January/February 2013  Pages:33 to 43
Date Published: 02/2013
Page Count: 11
  Annotation: This is a process and impact evaluation of the Comprehensive Anti-Gang Initiative (CAGI), which was implemented in 12 U.S. jurisdictions with the intent of reducing gun homicides, which the CAGI views as a gang-violence proxy.
Abstract: The process portion of the evaluation found that the program components have been inconsistently implemented across cities and across program components. There was some evidence of a reduction in violent crime associated with increased levels of law enforcement; however, there was very little evidence of CAGI’s impact on gun violence. These findings call for changes in program design and improved evaluation strategies. In addition to improvements in data collection (reliable and valid gang-crime measures, measures of risk level, and measures of program dosage and intensity), future programs may benefit from designs that focus on high-risk communities, places, groups, and contexts. Future large-scale gang prevention and control programs should develop a propensity-based set of cities with the highest rate of gun and gang homicide and violence. Specific components would target high-risk places, gangs, groups, and individuals. The strategies that compose the CAGI include suppression, social intervention, organizational change, community mobilization, and social opportunities. Suppression strategies primarily involved law enforcement. Social intervention pertains to emergency measures, particularly in response to violence and personal crises. Organizational change seeks to create broad consensus about gang problems that will lead to an awareness of the gang problems in the community and mobilize efforts to address them. Community mobilization addresses the fundamental causes of gangs, and social opportunities focus on the expression of job prospects and educational placements. The evaluation documented the implementation and consistency of these CAGI components in relation to data on gun homicides. 6 tables, 13 notes, and 81 references
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Crime specific countermeasures ; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs ; Gang Prevention ; Firearms deaths ; Gang violence ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Gun Violence
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2007-IJ-CX-0035
Publisher URL: 
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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