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NCJ Number: NCJ 080591     Find in a Library
Title: Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Volume 3
Corporate Author: University of Maryland
United States of America
Editor(s): M Tonry ; N Morris
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 358
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 80-IF-CX-0022
Sale Source: University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This volume of commissioned essays includes papers on victimization surveys, psychological research on eyewitness testimony, modern security systems and private police, historical trends in violent crime, and the use and misuse of questioning under hypnosis in court. It also presents a paper on the philosophies of human rights and their implications for criminal justice theory as well as a critique of recent social histories of punishment.
Abstract: An assessment of victimization surveys observes that the National Crime Surveys show crime to be relatively rare and far from uniformly or randomly distributed in the population. Eventually, these surveys may constitute an extremely valuable social indicator. A paper on hypnosis reveals that although hypnosis may be helpful in the context of a criminal investigation when memory loss is involved, full and independent corroboration is needed for all statements made under hypnosis. Next, a review of studies on eyewitness testimony notes that jurors seem to place too much reliance on this testimony. One safeguard devised to protect individuals from the damaging consequences of eyewitness testimony is the use of expert psychological testimony on the reliability of eyewitness accounts. An essay on recent social histories of punishment argues that in order for a new social history of order, authority, law, and punishment to emerge, three basic ideas must be empirically examined: that the state enjoys a monopoly of the punitive sanction, that its moral authority and practical power are the binding sources of social order, and that all social relations can be described in the language of power and domination. An examination of the growth of modern private security raises fundamental questions about sovereignty, justice, and individual liberty. Another essay states that the human rights perspective becomes central in relation to decriminalization, mens rea, deterrence, prisons, capital punishment, sentencing, and institutions and principles of punishment under the criminal law. A final paper presents a critical review of the evidence pertaining to historical trends in violent crime in England and the United States. Tables, footnotes, and references for each paper are provided. For separate papers, see NCJ 80592-97.
Index Term(s): Testimony ; Violent crimes ; Private police ; Punishment ; Constitutional Rights/Civil Liberties ; National crime surveys ; Questioning under hypnosis ; Victimization surveys ; England ; United States of America
   
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https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=80591

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