skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 088047     Find in a Library
Title: Women, Work, and Crime - An International Test of the Emancipation Hypothesis
Author(s): I H Marshall
  Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:6  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring 1982)  Pages:25-37
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 13
  Annotation: This study analyzes Interpol statistics on female crime for the 1963-1970 period for a sample of Western nations with the purpose of testing two popular explanations of female criminality.
Abstract: Six measures of female economic participation in society were correlated with female proportional involvement in overall crime rates, theft, fraud, murder, and robbery/burglary. It was found that women's contribution to the overall arrest rate is neither directly proportional to their employment in the commercial work force, nor to the degree in which their jobs are comparable to those of males. The analysis of the crimes of theft and fraud provided support for the 'opportunity' version of emancipation theory. Adler's 'aggressive' variant of the emancipation hypothesis was only partly borne out by the data for murder and not supported for robbery and burglary. (Publisher abstract)
Index Term(s): Female offenders ; Arrest statistics ; Crime Statistics ; International Criminal Police Organization
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: An earlier version presented at the 1981 annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.