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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 116261     Find in a Library
  Title: Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 1983
  Document URL: PDF PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): A. J. Beck ; B. E. Shipley
  Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Date Published: 04/1989
  Page Count: 13
  Series: BJS Special Reports
  Annotation: Based on a sample of over 16,000 prisoners (of a total of 108,580) released in 11 States during 1983, findings indicated that within three years, 62.5 percent were rearrested for a felony or misdemeanor, 46.8 percent were reconvicted, and 41.4 percent were reimprisoned. Prior to their release, the prisoners had been charged with an average of 12 offenses each, two-thirds had been arrested for a violent offense in the past, and two-thirds had previously been jailed.
  Abstract: An estimated 68,000 of the releasees were charged with more than 326,000 new felonies and serious misdemeanors. Recidivism rates, inversely related to the age of the prisoner at the time of release, were highest during the first year and highest among men, blacks, Hispanics, and persons who had not completed high school. The more extensive a prisoner's prior arrest record, the higher the rate of recidivism; the combination age and number of prior adult arrests were strongly related to recidivism. More than 68 percent of prisoners released for property offenses were rearrested within three years, compared to 59.6 percent of violent offenders, 54.6 percent of public-order offenders, and 50.4 percent of drug offenders. Approximately 40 percent of the releasees had previously escaped from prison, been absent without leave, or had a prior parole or probation revocation. The amount of time served was not systematically linked to the likelihood of rearrest. Released prisoners were often rearrested for the same type of crime for which they served in prison; released rapists were more than ten times more likely than nonrapists to be rearrested for rape and released murderers were five times as likely to be rearrested for homicide than other offenders. 2 figures, 20 tables, appendix.
  Main Term(s): Recidivism statistics
  Index Term(s): Conviction records ; Criminal histories ; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Survey
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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