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NCJ Number: 120426 Find in a Library
Title: Street Youth Gangs (From Gangland: Drug Trafficking by Organized Criminals, P 95-111, 1989, Michael D Lyman -- See NCJ-120419)
Author(s): M D Lyman
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Charles C. Thomas
Springfield, IL 62704
Sale Source: Charles C. Thomas
2600 South First Street
Springfield, IL 62704
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter discusses the history, structure, and activities of major youth gangs in the United States, notably the Los Angeles-based CRIPS, and suggests police techniques for investigating such gangs.
Abstract: Walter Miller identified five criteria to define gangs: violent criminal behavior, group organization, identifiable leadership, continuing interaction among members, and territoriality. In a 1983 national survey, police identified two more gang characteristics: dress or body decoration and the use of identifying graffiti. Colors are used to identify gang members, and graffiti is used to mark territory, communicate with gang members, and send warnings to rival gangs. One of the major street gangs is the CRIPS. Formed in 1969-70 in Los Angeles, the gang's primary criminal activity is crack cocaine trafficking. It has been aggressive in recruiting members and establishing drug-dealing enterprises in cities throughout the United States. The "Bloods" originated as a rival gang to combat the CRIPS. Investigative techniques addressed toward gangs should include the coordination of all police units having contact with gang activity, the identification of gang members, the management of informants, controlled drug purchases, and surveillance of gang hangouts. Figures show gang hand signals and the location of CRIPS and Bloods in U.S. cities.
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Crack; Drug smuggling; Organized crime
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