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NCJ Number: 120546 Find in a Library
Title: Psychology of Eyewitness Testimony (From Psychological Methods in Criminal Investigation and Evidence, P 3-45, 1989, David C. Raskin, ed. -- See NCJ-120545)
Author(s): E F Loftus; E L Greene; J M Doyle
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 43
Sponsoring Agency: Springer Publishing Co
New York, NY 10036
Sale Source: Springer Publishing Co
11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor
New York, NY 10036
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Normal memory processes influence the recollection of eyewitness testimony and hamper scientific and legal efforts at discovering the truth about past events.
Abstract: A case in point is an eyewitness account of a small plane crash which stated that the plane headed "straight down" into the ground, while photographs showed that the plane had a low trajectory and skidded for almost 1,000 feet. Other cases involve false criminal indictment; in a rape case, a concurrent TV image of a man's face merged with the rape experience as the victim recollected it. Most theoretical analyses divide the memory process into three stages: the acquisition stage, the retention stage, and the retrieval stage. This article studies the important factors of each of the three stages, including conditions of the event and the eyewitness (gender, age, psychological health, etc.), what distortions they are likely to produce, and the questioning methods and wordings. 95 references.
Main Term(s): Eyewitness testimony
Index Term(s): Criminal investigation; Facial Recognition/Recall; Psychological theories; Psychologists role in criminal justice
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