skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 120787 Find in a Library
Title: Drug Abuse Treatment: A National Study of Effectiveness
Author(s): R L Hubbard; M E Marsden; J V Rachal; H J Harwood; E R Cavanaugh; H M Ginzburg
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 213
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
University of North Carolina Press
Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2288
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Baltimore, MD 21235
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: DAO3457; DAO3814; DAO3866; 85-IJ-CX-0024
Contract Number: 271-75-1016 (WO-01); 271-77-1205; 271-79-3600; 271-79-3611
Publication Number: ISBN 0-8078-1864-X
Sale Source: University of North Carolina Press
Marketing Manager
Box 2288
Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2288
United States of America
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book describes the Treatment Outcome Prospective Study (TOPS), the nature of drug abuse treatment and treatment clients, the reduction of drug abuse and the building of productive lives during and after treatment, and the cost effectiveness of drug abuse treatment.
Abstract: TOPS was a multiyear study that involved more than 10,000 drug users who entered treatment in 1979, 1980, or 1981. They were interviewed when they first entered 37 selected drug abuse treatment programs in the United States. The treatments involved methadone, residential, and outpatient drug-free programs. After examining the nature of drug abuse treatment under these three major modalities, this book describes client sociodemographic characteristics, the nature and severity of drug abuse, and other client behaviors upon entering treatment. Also discussed are the nature and extent of drug abuse and the types of behavior that interfere with productive lives before, during, and after treatment. Abstinence and improvement rates for each modality are presented. An examination of factors affecting post-treatment drug abuse and other behaviors such as criminal activity, employment, depression, and alcohol use focus on the relationship between these outcomes and the clients' pretreatment characteristics and treatment duration. The costs and benefits of drug abuse treatment are considered in terms of its impact on crime reduction. Overall, the evidence shows that treatment of appropriate quality and duration does have positive results, both for drug abusers and for American society, such that it must be a major component of a national drug policy. Chapter tables and figures, 336 references, subject index.
Main Term(s): Drug treatment programs
Index Term(s): Drug treatment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.