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NCJ Number: 129273 Find in a Library
Title: Khaki and Blue: Military and Police in British Colonial Africa
Author(s): A Clayton; D Killingray
Date Published: 1989
Page Count: 355
Sponsoring Agency: Ohio University Press
Athens, OH 45701
Publication Number: ISBN 0-89680-147-0
Sale Source: Ohio University Press
Athens, OH 45701
United States of America
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Drawing upon a survey of former police officers in the six British colonies of Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda, Zambia, and Malawi, the authors examine the work of colonial law enforcement prior to the colonies' independence.
Abstract: British colonial policy generally attempted to develop in colonies those institutions and organizations with a record of success in the United Kingdom. The British model, modified to suit local conditions, depended on public consensus and generally agreed upon social behavior norms. The work of police forces in colonial territories was carried out under the provisions of police ordinances. After 1945, a process began to change the semimilitary nature of police forces in Africa to one of extending the constabulary concept. This process varied considerably in speed between different African colonies according to educational, social, and political conditions. Personnel of colonial police forces were divided into three main groups: gazetted officers, nongazetted officers, and constables. Gazetted officer titles were standardized in 1937 to include superintendents, commissioners, and inspector generals. Nongazetted officers included inspectors, while constable levels included rank and file police corporals and sergeants. The British who controlled colonial police forces were mostly middle class, from business or professional families. Colonial law enforcement operations are profiled as well as the daily life of villages which brought people into contact with the police. 88 references and 6 tables
Main Term(s): History of policing
Index Term(s): Africa; Armed services police; Foreign police; Great Britain/United Kingdom
Note: Monographs in International Studies, Africa Series Number 51
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