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NCJ Number: 135874 Find in a Library
Title: Foundations of Criminal Science, Volume 2: The Use of Knowledge
Author(s): G D Walters
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 337
Sponsoring Agency: Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Publication Number: ISBN 0-275-93954-5
Sale Source: Praeger Publishers
88 Post Road West
Westport, CT 06881
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This volume 2 of a 2-volume text on criminal science discusses aspects of the use of information and knowledge gained through criminal science research.
Abstract: Assessment and prediction constitute one of the foundations of the criminal science model. This foundation is grounded in the assumption that knowledge gained through research and observation can be used to evaluate, classify, and predict criminal behavior. The first section of volume 2 systematically examines evaluation and classification procedures. In addition to the investigation of specific assessment techniques and a review of major systems of inmate-criminal classification, this section explores such prediction problems as institutional adjustment, recidivism, and dangerousness. The other foundation of criminal science investigated in volume 2 is intervention. The discussion focuses on selected person, situation, and interactive issues. Therapeutic, medical, and choice procedures are reviewed as person-oriented strategies, and situation-oriented concerns such as prevention and social policy decisions are probed as well. Interaction-based strategies consider ways in which the individual offender interfaces with the criminal justice system through trends in retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, rehabilitation, and restitution. 18 tables and 9 figures
Main Term(s): Research uses in policymaking
Index Term(s): Dangerousness; Mental illness-crime relationships; Offender classification; Recidivism prediction
Note: See NCJ 135873 for Volume I
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