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NCJ Number: 135928 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: HIV Transmission and Risk Behavior Among Drug Users in Los Angeles County, 1991 Update
Author(s): D Longshore; M D Anglin
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 67
Sponsoring Agency: Los Angeles Cty
Los Angeles, CA
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 88-IJ-CX-K005; 89-IJ-CX-R-007; 89-IJ-R-007; 91-DD-R-016
Contract Number: 759408
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A 1990 report on HIV transmission risk among Los Angeles County drug users cited the possibility of increasing HIV infection, but this increase was not confirmed as of mid-1991.
Abstract: Seroprevalence among injection drug users did not increase in 1991, and seroconversion was extremely low. It appears that the rate of HIV infection is no higher than 3 percent for injection opiate users in methadone maintenance/detoxification treatment and no higher than 7 percent among injection drug users not in treatment. With treatment and nontreatment estimates weighted by the likely proportion of users in treatment, the overall rate of HIV infection among Los Angeles injection drug users is estimated at 6 percent. Infection rates, however, may be higher in some populations such as the homeless. A majority of drug users who share needles now report using bleach as a disinfectant. Trends also show a significant increase in the percentage of users who report recent attempts to stop sharing needles. Although a majority of injection drug users who are nonmonogamous now use condoms, there has been no change in the percentage of users who report sex with multiple partners. Cocaine injection does not appear to be associated with higher risk than opiates. Los Angeles arrestees who smoke crack have more sex partners than arrestees who do not smoke crack. This relationship is stronger for women than for men, but is significant in both. Recommendations are offered that concern monitoring HIV infection, reducing risk behavior, and targeting outreach and treatment programs. 67 references, 11 tables, and 5 figures
Main Term(s): AIDS/HIV transmission; Drug abuse
Index Term(s): California; Crack; Opioids; Risk taking behavior; Sexual behavior
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