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NCJ Number: 136709 Find in a Library
Title: Street Youth: Adaptation and Survival in the AIDS Decade
Journal: Journal of Adolescent Health  Volume:12  Issue:7  Dated:special issue (November 1991)  Pages:511-514
Author(s): G C Luna
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 4
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses adaptation and survival strategies of homeless youth and describes how pilot research begun in 1982 in the western United States led to additional research focused on the international street youth problem.
Abstract: In 1982, an ethnographic pilot study of homeless youth was conducted in San Francisco, Los Angeles, and Seattle. Structured and unstructured interviews were completed with a sample of 250 males and females between 15 and 19 years of age in both natural and clinical settings. The interviews and participant observations of the street scene occurred from 1982 to 1984. In 1986, a small pilot study was developed to assess HIV infection among teenagers. The study was conducted over a 4-month period and included both HIV testing and behavioral interviews. Aware of demographic similarities between San Francisco and Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), cross-cultural comparative research was initiated in 1988 to study street youth and AIDS. In the U.S. studies, it was evident that personal and immediate survival needs dominated the lives of street youth. Adaptation and survival strategies of street youth in the western United States and Rio de Janeiro were similar in nature and often identical to those of the estimated 100 million street youth worldwide. Social inequalities and family disruptions are common in all countries. Further, a critical relationship exists between adaptation and survival strategies and the AIDS pandemic. The impact of this pandemic on street youth can be mitigated only by immediate and comprehensive preventive actions at both national and international levels. 14 references
Main Term(s): Adolescents with AIDS; Homeless children
Index Term(s): Brazil; California; Cross-cultural analyses; Cross-cultural comparisons; US/foreign comparisons; Washington
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