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NCJ Number: 136843 Find in a Library
Title: Trends in Racial Disproportionality in Juvenile Court Proceedings: 1985-1989
Author(s): E F McGarrell
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 30
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examined the trends in racial disproportionality in juvenile court proceedings by analyzing data on the proceedings of white and nonwhite youth in a sample of 159 counties between 1985 and 1989.
Abstract: The data cover handling of youths at four stages of the juvenile court process: referral, detention, petition, and placement. In addition to overall trends in the processing of white and minority youth, this analysis examines trends in four offense categories including person, property, drugs, and public order offenses. In general, while there was a slight increase in referrals and petitions of white youths, there was a decline in the number of white juveniles detained or placed. In contrast, there was a substantial increase in the number of nonwhite cases, particularly in the rate of referral. Once in the system, nonwhites were more likely to be formally processed in 1989 than in 1985. White youths were actually less likely to face formal processing, at least in terms of incarceration. The wide variation between counties included in this sample suggests the need for more comparative analysis. 7 tables, 1 figure, and 7 references
Main Term(s): Black/White Crime Comparisons; Juvenile court trends
Index Term(s): Juvenile processing; Racial discrimination
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