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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 142659     Find in a Library
  Author(s): J H Skolnick
  Date Published: 1993
  Page Count: 77
  Annotation: Research was initiated in the summer of 1988 to investigate street drug dealing, particularly cocaine trafficking, by California gangs, determine how youth were socialized into the drug business, and assess financial and contractual arrangements associated with drug dealing.
  Abstract: It was determined that developing entrepreneurial activities of Los Angeles gang members were supported by the resources of traditional gang membership. Criminal acts did not define either the identity of the gang or its individual members. How gangs employed violence was central to understanding their different institutional frameworks. The sale of cocaine appeared to blur the distinction between entrepreneurial and cultural gangs. African-American gangs, never as tightly identified with the neighborhood as Chicano gangs, were more frequently involved in drug dealing. The changing role of urban gangs in street drug dealing occurred against a backdrop of dynamically changing communities. In all California locales, law enforcement was stepping up its efforts to curtail the drug trade and gang activity. Research findings are detailed in terms of drug salience in cultural gang membership, drug dealing benefits to gangs, drug territory control, and gang organization and migration patterns. The role of law enforcement in combating drug dealing by gangs is discussed, with particular attention paid to police strategies, undercover operations, criminal sanctions, and the limits of law enforcement.
  Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
  Index Term(s): Cocaine ; Black/African Americans ; Urban area studies ; Drug law enforcement ; Hispanic Americans ; California
  Publication Number: D0045
  Sale Source: National Youth Gang Information Ctr
4301 North Fairfax Drive
Suite 730
Fairfax, VA 22203
United States of America
  Type: Survey
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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