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NCJ Number: NCJ 142691   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: General Community Design Model
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): I Spergel ; C Kane ; R Chance ; A Alexander ; T Regulus ; S Oh
Corporate Author: University of Chicago
School of Social Service Admin
National Youth Gang Suppression and Intervention Project
United States of America
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 14
  Annotation: This paper provides background information on the causes and traditional remedial responses to youth gangs and then proposes a general community design model for addressing the youth gang problem in communities.
Abstract: The authors conclude that social disorganization or the failure of specific institutions -- family, school, employment, as well as individual personality -- to properly mesh provides basic pressure in the generation of the youth gang problem. Variables of class, culture, race, or ethnicity also interact with community factors such as poverty, population movement, social instability, and social isolation to account for the variety of youth gang problems that have developed. Responses to the problem of youth gangs that have generally failed are outlined, followed by the presentation of elements of the proposed model of general community design. Model elements are community mobilization (networking among organizations and grassroots participation); social intervention (crisis intervention, counseling, or recreation to change gang youth norms and values); opportunities provision (remedial education, training, and job placement); suppression (arrest, incarceration, and supervision of gang youth); and organizational development (creation of new or special mechanisms to facilitate any of the above four basic strategies).
Main Term(s): Community involvement ; Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Community action programs ; Juveniles ; Crime specific countermeasures ; Models ; Program implementation ; Police ; Program design
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Grant Number: 90-JD-CX-K001
Publication Number: D0005
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

National Youth Gang Information Ctr
4301 North Fairfax Drive
Suite 730
Fairfax, VA 22203
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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