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NCJ Number: NCJ 143454     Find in a Library
Title: Urban Delinquency and Substance Abuse: Initial Findings Research Summary
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): D Huizinga ; R Loeber ; T P Thornberry
Corporate Author: University of Colorado at Boulder
Ctr for the Study and Prevention of Violence
United States of America

Hindelang Criminal Justice Research Ctr
State University of New York at Albany
United States of America

University of Pittsburgh
School of Medicine
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 37
  Annotation: Three longitudinal surveys being conducted in Denver, Pittsburgh, and Rochester, N.Y. and sponsored by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention are examining the causes and correlates of juvenile delinquency and juvenile drug use.
Abstract: The studies are gathering information from children of various ages and involve regular data collection over periods of 4-5 years from 1987 through 1992. The measures focus on official and self-reports of delinquent behavior, self-reports of drug abuse, characteristics of the community and neighborhood, family demographic characteristics, parental attitudes and child-rearing practices, child or youth attitudes and school performance, and peer delinquency and conventional activities. The initial results have revealed that youth experience the onset of delinquency, drug use, and many other problem behaviors before the teenage years. In addition, juvenile drug use and delinquency are closely related, with drug use stimulating delinquency more than the reverse. Moreover, peer influences are strong, and delinquency often develops according to an orderly progression from less to more serious behaviors. The findings to date suggest that prevention programs must start early in life and should intercept youth in certain behavioral pathways before delinquent behavior becomes more ingrained. In addition, interventions must be comprehensive and should be designed for the long term. Figures and glossary
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Juveniles ; Juvenile delinquency prediction ; Juvenile delinquency research ; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs ; New York ; Pennsylvania ; Colorado
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Grant Number: 86-JN-CX-006; 86-JN-CX-007; 86-JN-CX-009
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Program Description (Model)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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