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NCJ Number: NCJ 145319     Find in a Library
Title: Prosecutors in State Courts, 1992
Series: BJS Special Reports
Author(s): J. M. Dawson ; S. K. Smith ; C. J. DeFrances
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 12/1993
Page Count: 12
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
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United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
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United States of America
Document: Text PDF 
Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The 1992 National Prosecutor Survey Program sent questionnaires to 290 chief prosecutors; findings revealed that, during the year ending June 30, 1992, 50 percent of prosecutor offices trying felony cases in State courts closed 200 or more such cases and that prosecutor offices employed about 57,000 staff, with a median annual office budget of $190,000.
Abstract: In more than 25 percent of prosecutor offices, at least one staff member had experienced a work-related threat or assault during the year, and more than one-third took special precautions to ensure employee safety. The offices were generally small but very active. In 1992, the typical office had seven staff members, including three prosecuting attorneys, and closed about 200 felony cases and nearly 500 misdemeanor cases. The overall conviction rate was about 85 percent. Most offices reported that they informed victims and witnesses of disposition decisions. Over one-third of the offices were involved in civil lawsuits related to the discharge of prosecutor responsibilities. In the 75 largest U.S. counties, 48 percent of the offices had at least one prosecutor who was armed. Many offices implemented new prosecution methods to improve operations or reduce court caseloads, including vertical prosecution (59 percent), deferred prosecution (51 percent), diversion of first-time offenders (44 percent), and probation revocation in lieu of new prosecution (36 percent). Most prosecutors handled new offense categories based on statutes enacted within the previous 3 years. At least 75 percent of the offices had used videotapes or polygraph tests in a phase of felony prosecution. While almost all prosecutors regularly used adult criminal history records in felony prosecutions, about two-thirds said the lack of record completeness was a problem. 11 tables
Main Term(s): National crime statistics
Index Term(s): Adult felony system ; Prosecutors ; State courts ; Prosecution ; National crime surveys ; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) ; State crime statistics
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=145319

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