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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 145863     Find in a Library
  Title: Profile of Inmates in the United States and in England and Wales - 1991
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): J P Lynch ; S K Smith ; H A Graziadei ; T Pittayathikhun
  Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Date Published: 1994
  Page Count: 23
  Annotation: Data concerning adult correctional facilities are provided.
  Abstract: This report compares inmate populations of adult correctional facilities in the United States and in England and Wales. Data from all levels of the adult correctional system in the U.S. have been collated by using the 1991 national surveys of inmates in State and Federal prisons and the national 1989 survey of inmates in local jails. The data for England and Wales come from the National Prison Survey 1991 sponsored by the Home Office Research and Planning Unit. Detailed comparisons of the inmate populations including characteristics of inmates, their offenses, sentence length, criminal history, and family background are examined. Findings include the following: (1) a majority of convicted inmates in both populations had served a prior sentence to adult custody; (2) about 1 in 3 convicted inmates in both countries had family members who also had served a sentence to incarceration; (3) U.S. inmates, on average, received longer sentences for comparable offenses than inmates in England and Wales; (4) in both the United States and the United Kingdom, inmates were more likely to be younger, minority members, single, and less educated than their counterparts in the general adult population; (5) men formed the overwhelming majority of inmates in both systems; (6) racial or ethnic minorities were over-represented in the incarcerated populations in both the United States and the United Kingdom; and (7) growing up in a one-parent family was more than twice as likely for American inmates than for British inmates. A discussion of methodology and standard error calculation is included. Tables, resources
  Main Term(s): Corrections statistics
  Index Term(s): Adult offenders ; Comparative analysis ; US/foreign comparisons
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
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  Type: Statistics
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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