skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 147952 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Author(s): O Newman
Date Published: 1973
Page Count: 231
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a survey and site visits, this report discusses the concept of defensible space and presents the basic principles of architectural design for crime prevention in public housing and other areas.
Abstract: Information came from site visits to housing projects in 15 major cities and a questionnaire survey of housing authority officials, architects, and law enforcement officials in 150 other cities. The discussion focuses on the role of the physical environment in defining perceived zones of territorial influence, the capacity of physical design to provide surveillance opportunities for residents and their agents, the relationships between adjacent areas, and the capacity of design to influence the perception of a project's uniqueness, isolation, and stigma. Ten case examples of recently completed housing projects are presented, including both publicly and privately developed housing. Most of these projects have almost no crime and vandalism, although they are located in high-crime, inner-city areas. Photographs, illustrations, diagrams, tables, appended background materials, and 68 references
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Architectural design; Defensible space; Public housing; Territorial behavior
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.