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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149601 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Money Laundering: U.S. Efforts to Fight It Are Threatened by Currency Smuggling
Author(s): E H Stephenson; M L Eid; G R Hamilton; F Fulton; C Tull; C White; V Mayhand; B Wrenn
Corporate Author: US Government Accountability Office
General Government Division
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 51
Sponsoring Agency: Azimuth Inc.
Fairmont, WV 26554
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548
Publication Number: GAO/GGD-94-73
Sale Source: Azimuth Inc.
1000 Technology Drive, Suite 3120
Fairmont, WV 26554
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
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United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In assessing the extent to which currency and monetary instruments are being smuggled out of the United States in order to avoid reporting requirements, the General Accounting Office (GAO) found that the amount of smuggled currency cannot be determined.
Abstract: Treasury and Customs officials indicate that the amount of currency being smuggled out of the United States cannot be determined and that a sound basis for estimates is difficult to establish primarily because of the clandestine nature of smuggling. While estimates vary, law enforcement officials interviewed by GAO report a substantial amount of currency smuggling. They note that smugglers use various techniques and conveyances and that smuggling currency is relatively easy. Faced with difficulties in laundering money domestically, many individuals take currency and other negotiable instruments to other countries where it can be put into the flow of commerce and then returned to the United States under an air of legitimacy. While the Customs Service has traditionally focused on inspecting the flow of persons and cargo into the United States, its Operation Buckstop Program is specifically aimed at selectively inspecting passengers and cargo leaving the country to ensure that currency being transported outside the United States is reported. In addition, the Customs Service has increased the oversight and emphasis given currency interdiction efforts on a nationwide basis. Additional information on the districts and ports visited by GAO and on Customs currency and monetary instrument seizures is appended. Footnotes, tables, and figures
Main Term(s): Police
Index Term(s): Courts; Customs violations; Drug smuggling; Money laundering
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