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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149976 Find in a Library
Title: Fingerprinting and A.F.I.S. (Automated Fingerprint Identification System)
Author(s): R Holt
Corporate Author: Michigan State Police
United States of America
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: Michigan Justice Training Cmssn

Michigan State Police
East Lansing, MI 48823
Sale Source: Michigan State Police
714 South Harrison Road
East Lansing, MI 48823
United States of America
Type: Training (Aid/Material)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This video reviews the significance of fingerprints in crime investigations, traces the history of fingerprint processing in Michigan, describes the operation of the Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS), and provides instruction in obtaining inked fingerprints from suspects.
Abstract: In describing the use of fingerprints in criminal justice work, the video focuses on the identification of persons at a crime scene, the linking of a person to other crimes in which fingerprints were obtained, and the compilation of criminal histories. The review of the fingerprint system in Michigan notes that for 65 years it was a manual system in which individual cards were filed and retrieved manually in fingerprint searches. Under such a system, a suspect's name would be required for a search to determine if the suspect's prints were on file and if they matched prints found at a crime scene. This manual system has been replaced by the Automated Fingerprint Identification System, which conducts computerized cross- reference checks. In this system, fingerprints from a crime scene without suspect names can be compared to every print in the file in a short time. The video profiles Michigan cases unsolved under the manual system and then closed some years later with fingerprint matches under AFIS. The crucial factor in the proper performance of AFIS is the obtaining of fingerprints with a high quality image. The remainder of the video instructs viewers in the proper way to obtain a fingerprint from a suspect, such that it is fully rolled, centered and straight in the placement box, well contrasted, and clear and distinct.
Main Term(s): Computer aided operations
Index Term(s): Automated fingerprint processing; Fingerprint image quality; Fingerprints; Michigan; Police specialized training
Note: Color VHS video, 16 mins.
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