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NCJ Number: NCJ 155283     Find in a Library
Title: Resolution of Prison Riots, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): B Useem ; C G Camp ; G M Camp ; R Dugan
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 19
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: Strategies and procedures used in eight State and Federal prisons to deal with prison riots are examined, based on information from prison administrators and from reports, interviews, and historical data from the disturbances in these institutions.
Abstract: The riots took place between 1986 and 1991. The analysis revealed that the safety of correctional personnel, inmates, and residents of the area in which the facility is located, plus the financial cost of prison riots, makes their prevention and containment a critical issue. Factors that must be addressed include such criminal justice issues as corrections management, how command is divided during riots, race relations in prisons, how prisons are constructed and renovated, how prisons are staffed, and how staff are used and augmented during riots. Results indicated that proactive planning and preparation along with reactive problem-solving is the most effective approach to prison riot resolution. A prison's riot plan should include a command structure with well-defined lines of authority; clear guidelines on the use of force, including staff and weapons assignments; interagency cooperation terms that specify the roles of units such as the State police and the local fire department; and training that addresses both tactics and mental readiness. Strategies to prevent and deal with riots must address factors such as maintaining supervision of an experienced staff who follow sound security practices; ensuring the security of the building and equipment; and selection of the most appropriate means of resolving a riot, including use of force, negotiations, or a combination of tactics. Charts, reference notes, and list of NIJ publications in corrections
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Riot prevention ; Prison disorders ; Riot control ; Institutional violence ; Inmate misconduct
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 90-U-CX-0026
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Technical Assistance)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: NIJ Research in Brief
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