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NCJ Number: 155879 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Friendship Networks, Intimacy, and Illicit Drug Use in Young Adulthood: A Comparison of Two Competing Theories
Journal: Criminology  Volume:29  Issue:3  Dated:(1991)  Pages:441-469
Author(s): D Kandel; M Davies
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Chicago, IL 60603
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: DA00064; DA01097; DA03196; DA02867;DA00081; MH30906-7
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Theories of delinquency posit two opposing views on social interactions of deviant individuals; social control theory assumes that deviants have poor relationships with others, while cultural deviance theory assumes that deviant individuals are similar to nondeviants and have strong ties with members of their friendship networks.
Abstract: To test social control and cultural deviance theories in the context of illicit drug use, descriptive and multivariate analyses were conducted based on information provided by young adult men and women between 28 and 29 years of age. These young adults were asked about their same-sex and opposite-sex friends in general and about three specific close friends. Few differences were founded in characteristics of friendship networks of illicit drug users and nonusers. Where differences were observed, frequent drug users tended to have more intimate friendships than other young adults, which supported the cultural deviance theory. Structural equation models predicting two latent components of intimacy, confiding, and interacting with the three closest friends and same-sex and opposite-sex friends indicated that illicit drug use retained a unique effect and predicted substantially higher levels of intimacy among males. It was determined that strong social ties of adult drug-using males will make it more difficult to develop effective intervention strategies targeting individual male drug users. An appendix contains further information on the study variables and procedures. 81 references, 5 footnotes, and 5 tables
Main Term(s): Drug research
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Deviance; Drug use; Peer influences on behavior; Social control theory; Social network analysis; Sociological analyses; Young Adults (18-24)
Note: DCC
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