skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 157457 Find in a Library
Title: Action Against National and Transnational Economic and Organized Crime, and the Role of Criminal Law in the Protection of the Environment: National Experiences and International Cooperation
Corporate Author: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations
A-1400 Vienna, Austria
United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
10127 Torino, Italy
Sale Source: United Nations
Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Branch, at Vienna
P.O. Box 500
A-1400 Vienna,
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: Italy
Annotation: This background paper for the Workshop on Environmental Protection at the National and International Levels: Potentials and Limits of Criminal Justice (Cairo, Egypt, April 29 - May 8, 1995) introduces this topic from a comparative and international perspective by presenting the results of an empirical study of how the pertinent issues have been addressed in 11 developing and developed countries.
Abstract: The analysis involved case studies of criminal justice responses to transboundary pollution; the environmental damage caused by the operation of large-scale enterprises that involve inadequate risk management; and polluting behaviors that result from daily activities of small-scale enterprises, businesses, or individuals. A wide range of proposals for projects designed to enhance international cooperation in the fields of technical assistance, research, training, advisory services, and education are also provided. The report concludes that criminal law has an indispensable role to play in environmental protection, especially in cases that involve the deliberate dumping of toxic waste for profit; however, the criminal law is only one of a number of means of achieving environmental goals. Public awareness and activity by nongovernmental organizations are important in placing the environment on the political agenda and keeping it there. Such groups can also be influential in obtaining criminal justice or other interventions (political, administrative, or civil) to protect the environment. The report concludes with suggestions and proposals for international cooperation the workshop may wish to consider. 31 notes
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime specific countermeasures; Environmental offenses; International cooperation; Organized crime; White collar crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.