skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 157952 Find in a Library
Title: Evolution of Long Prison Terms: International Survey and Analysis of the Causes
Journal: Deviance et Societe  Volume:19  Issue:2  Dated:(June Trimester)  Pages:103-126
Author(s): H Tubex; S Snacken
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 23
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Format: Article
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: The article analyzes and explains the increase in long prison terms in Belgium, the Netherlands, England and Wales, and France.
Abstract: A survey of criminological literature indicates that West Germany alone has been able to resist the trend toward increasing prison populations and longer prison terms. Two causes are responsible for this trend, which is paralleled in the United States and Canada. First, the abolition or reluctance to execute capital punishment leads to indeterminate or very long sentences; parole or early release are often expressly restricted in such cases. Second, since the 1980s, the criminal policy in the countries studied has chosen a dual approach. While minor offenses receive only short prison terms or alternative sentences, serious offenses (such as violent crimes, sexual crimes, or recidivism) now lead to longer prison terms. For example, in the Netherlands the sentences for using soft drugs have shortened, whereas hard drug users now face considerably longer sentences. If this policy remains unchanged, the prison population will continue to rise. 77 references
Main Term(s): Foreign correctional systems
Index Term(s): Foreign sentencing; Long-term imprisonment; Sentencing trends; Trend analysis
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.