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NCJ Number: 158204 Find in a Library
Title: Relationship Between Multiple Exposures to Violence and Coping Strategies Among African-American Mothers
Journal: Violence and Victims  Volume:10  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring 1995)  Pages:55-71
Author(s): H M Hill; S R Hawkins; M Raposo; P Carr
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 17
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined how black mothers' coping strategies were influenced by their exposure to violence in the community at large, through personal victimization, and by living in a neighborhood characterized by high levels of violent crime.
Abstract: The sample included 86 mothers who lived high-crime areas and 50 who lived in areas with lower incidence rates of violence. Mothers' responses to the violence in their communities were coded as keeping to oneself, staying busy, practicing active safety measures, activism, relying on prayer, and doing nothing. Reliance on prayer was the most popular maternal coping strategy in high- violence areas, regardless of mother's level of education. College- educated women living in lower-crime neighborhoods favored proactive external measures, i.e., activism. The results indicated that there were differences among the coping patterns of mothers in communities with high and low levels of violence when education and income were factored into the analysis. When mothers had personally witnessed or experienced violence, they tended to become more isolated, staying to themselves and practicing active safety measures. 5 tables and 74 references
Main Term(s): Victims of Crime
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Citizen reactions to crime; Parental attitudes; Statistics; Violence
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