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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 160766     Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Gun Violence and Gun Markets in Boston
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): D. Kennedy
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 0
  Series: NIJ Research Preview
  Annotation: This video presents a lecture by David Kennedy regarding his research on the patterns of juvenile violence in Boston, Mass., and the effectiveness of the intervention undertaken.
Abstract: There have been 155 homicides in Boston over 5 years, and 30 percent of these were committed by juveniles. The bulk of the homicides were committed with handguns, and the perpetrators were predominantly young African-Americans living in poor neighborhoods. Most of the handguns used by youth were new when obtained, and they were predominantly semiautomatics of five particular makes. The tracing of the handguns used in homicides has not revealed a major gun trafficking network, and there has been no major intervention in the supply side of handgun violence. The research has further shown that juvenile homicides and violence committed by juveniles tend to be gang-related, most often in the context of turf battles and retaliation for some perceived wrong. Most juveniles apprehended for gun-related violence have had numerous previous contacts with the justice system and are known to the police. Many were on probation at the time of their violent offenses. The intervention that has proven most effective has focused on deterrence. Boston police and Federal officers have saturated violence-prone communities with a law enforcement presence, message, and action that makes clear to youth that the violence must stop, or those individuals known to police will be targeted for investigation, arrest, and severe sanctioning. Through community meetings and personal contacts, the police and probation officers have made it clear that help is available for those who want to stop their violent behavior, but those who continue the violence will be targeted for sanctions. This intervention has been effective in reducing not only violence but crime in general. Questions and answers following the lecture are included in the video.
Main Term(s): Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs ; Juvenile gang behavior patterns ; Violence prevention ; Juvenile gun ownership ; Gang violence ; Massachusetts
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Audiovisual Program
Box 6000 Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Color VHS video, 60 minutes.; from the NIJ "Research in Progress" seminar series. Video also available in open captioned. PDF and Text document supplied is a summary based on the video.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.