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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 160940     Find in a Library
  Title: Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Child Sexual Abuse
  Document URL: HTML Text PDF 
  Author(s): Margaret R. Hammerschlag M.D.
  Date Published: 1996
  Page Count: 20
  Series: OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse
  Annotation: This booklet discusses how the presence of a sexually transmitted disease (STD) in a child can be used to assist in identifying or eliminating suspects in child sexual abuse cases.
  Abstract: STD's comprise a wide range of infections and conditions that are transmitted mainly by sexual activity. The classic STD's, gonorrhea and syphilis, are now being overshadowed by a new set of STD's that are not only more common, but are also more difficult to diagnose and treat. These new STD's include infections caused by chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia), human papilloma virus (HPV), bacterial vaginosis (BV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Rapid application of new technology to the diagnosis of STD's has led to a growing array of diagnostic laboratory tests that require critical evaluation by clinicians and a critical review by law enforcement. The discussion first notes that accurate information about STD's in victims of sexual abuse has been hindered by a variety of factors; these factors are identified. Some key facts about STD's are outlined. Some of these facts are the potential for STD's being transmitted during sexual assault, increased risk for STD infection in multiple episodes of sexual abuse, the likelihood that children with STD's will have no physical complaints, and the site of infection being consistent with a child's history of assault. The booklet also explains why the incidence and prevalence of sexual abuse of children is difficult to estimate. A chart provides information on each of a number of STD's. The information for each STD addresses incubation period, clinical manifestations, transmission, and diagnosis. 11 supplemental readings and a list of 18 resource organizations
  Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
  Index Term(s): Suspect identification ; Medical evaluation ; Child abuse detection ; Child abuse investigations ; Child Sexual Abuse ; Investigative techniques ; Sexually transmitted diseases
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Training (Aid/Material)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: From Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse.
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