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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 165702     Find in a Library
  Title: Two Views on Imprisonment Policies: Lethal Violence and the Overreach of American Imprisonment and Supply Side Imprisonment Policy
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): F E Zimring ; M K Block
  Date Published: 1997
  Page Count: 30
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: These two papers present empirical findings and contrasting opinions regarding the advantages of current sentencing and imprisonment policies.
  Abstract: The paper by Zimring and his collaborator Hawkins argues that the serious problem in the United States is lethal violence rather than crime, that life-threatening violence should be a special priority for criminal sanctions, and that prison should be reserved mainly for these most serious threats. The discussion notes that rates of theft and burglary are similar for the United States and other developed countries, whereas the United States has far higher rates of offenses that jeopardize life. The analysis concludes that policies that have broadened the range of offenses punished by imprisonment have shifted the focus of corrections policies away from their appropriate priority. The paper by Block argues that imposing noticeable prison sentences helps control crime. It describes experimental research that concluded an increase in the likelihood that the penalty will be imposed is a much stronger deterrent that is an increase in the severity of the penalty. It also presents a cost-benefit analysis to support the conclusion that excessive levels of crime and imprisonment result from an insufficiently harsh sentencing and imprisonment for essentially all convictions for violent crimes is likely to be cost justified and may actually reduce the prison population. Figures, tables, notes, appended list of data sources and estimates, and lists of 14 references and 26 references
  Main Term(s): Corrections policies
  Index Term(s): Incarceration and Imprisonment ; Alternatives to institutionalization ; Convicted offender incapacitation ; Deterrence effectiveness ; Sentence effectiveness
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: National Institute of Justice Research Report; Presentations from the 1996 Annual Research and Evaluation Conference, Washington, DC
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=165702

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