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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 167247     Find in a Library
  Title: Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 1997
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): D. K. Gilliard ; A. J. Beck
  Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Date Published: 01/1998
  Page Count: 11
  Series: BJS Bulletins
  Annotation: This report provides data on the number and characteristics of inmates in Federal and State prisons as well as local jails at midyear 1997.
  Abstract: The Bureau of Justice Statistics, with the U.S. Bureau of the Census as its collection agent, obtains year-end and midyear counts of prisoners from departments of correction in each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. In each of the years between the full censuses, a survey of jails is conducted to estimate baseline characteristics of the Nation's jails and the inmates housed in these jails. The findings for midyear 1997 show that between July 1, 1996, and June 30, 1997, the Nation's prison population increased 4.7 percent, less than the annual average increase of 7.7 percent since 1990. Hawaii (up 21.6 percent) recorded the largest percentage increase in prison population since midyear 1996, followed by North Dakota (up 15.5 percent) and Wisconsin (up 15.4 percent). Massachusetts, Virginia, and the District of Columbia were the only jurisdictions to record declines. At midyear 1997, approximately 436 per 100,000 U.S. residents were incarcerated in a State or Federal prison, up from 303 per 100,000 residents in 1990. On June 30, 1997, an estimated 567,079 persons were held in local jails, up from 518,492 at midyear 1996. From midyear 1996 to midyear 1997, the number of inmates held in jail increased 9.4 percent, nearly twice the average annual rate since 1990. In the year ending June 30, 1997, the capacity of the Nation's jails increased by 19,713 beds. Jails were operating at 97 percent of their rated capacity, up from 92 percent at midyear 1996. At midyear 1997, 212 of every 100,000 U.S. residents were held in local jails, up from 163 per 100,000 in 1990. 10 tables and 2 figures
  Main Term(s): Inmate statistics
  Index Term(s): State-by-state analyses ; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) ; Inmate characteristics
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Bureau of Justice Statistics Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 179
Dept. BJS-236
Annapolis Junction, MD 20701
United States of America
  Type: Statistics
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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