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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 169284   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Crime and Justice in the United States and in England and Wales, 1981-96
  Document URL: PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): P A Langan ; D P Farrington
  Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Date Published: 1998
  Page Count: 109
  Annotation: This report presents and compares victimization survey and police statistics on crime in the United States and England and Wales for 1981-96, along with selected court statistics for these countries.
  Abstract: Findings show that whether measured by surveys of crime victims or by police statistics, serious crime rates are not generally higher in the United States than in England and Wales. According to 1995 victim surveys -- which measure robbery, assault, burglary, and motor vehicle theft -- crime rates are all higher in England than the United States. The major exception to the pattern of higher crime rates in England and Wales is the murder rate. The 1996 U.S. murder rate was nearly six times higher than England and Wales, although the difference among the countries has narrowed over the past 16 years. Firearms are more often involved in violent crimes in the United States than in England and Wales. Since 1981 an offender's risk of being caught, convicted, and sentenced to incarceration has risen in the United States for all six measured crimes (murder, rape, robbery, assault, burglary, motor vehicle theft) but has fallen in England and Wales for all but murder. The court data addressed in this report include convictions, sentences of incarceration, racial disparities in incarceration, percent of sentence served, and time served. Also considered are the justice system's impact on crime and justice system changes. Data sources are profiled. 82 figures, 39 tables, 81 references
  Main Term(s): Crime Statistics
  Index Term(s): Court statistics ; Police statistics ; Comparative analysis ; Victimization surveys ; Crime in foreign countries ; England ; Wales ; United States of America
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Bureau of Justice Statistics Clearinghouse
P.O. Box 179
Dept. BJS-236
Annapolis Junction, MD 20701
United States of America
  Type: Report (Annual/Periodic)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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