skip navigation

CrimeSolutions.gov

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar

PUBLICATIONS

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 170032     Find in a Library
Title: Truth in Sentencing in State Prisons
Series: BJS Special Reports
Author(s): P M Ditton ; D J Wilson
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 16
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Indiana University Purdue University, Research Support Funds
420 University Boulevard
Indianapolis, IN 46202
United States of America
Document: Text PDF 
Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reviews three decades of sentencing reform, with attention to the nature and impact of truth-in-sentencing statutes first enacted in the States in 1984.
Abstract: Indeterminate sentencing, which was common in the early 1970s, gave parole boards the authority to release offenders from prison. Under determinate sentencing, States introduced fixed prison terms that could be reduced by good-time or earned- time credits. Under mandatory minimum sentences, States added statutes that require offenders to be sentenced to a specified amount of prison time. With sentencing guidelines, States established sentencing commissions and created ranges of sentences for given offenses and offender characteristics. First enacted in 1984, truth-in-sentencing laws require offenders to serve a substantial portion of their prison sentence. Parole eligibility and good-time credits are restricted or eliminated. Violent offenders released from prison in 1996 were sentenced to serve an average of 85 months in prison. Prior to release, they served about half of their prison sentence (45 months). Under truth-in-sentencing laws that require serving 85 percent of the sentence, violent offenders would serve an average of 88 months in prison, based on the average sentence for violent offenders admitted to prison in 1996. Nearly 7 in 10 State prison admissions for a violent offense in 1997 were in States that require offenders to serve at least 85 percent of their sentence. By 1998, 27 States and the District of Columbia met the Federal Truth-in-Sentencing Incentive Grants program eligibility criteria. Eleven States adopted truth-in-sentencing laws in 1995, 1 year after the 1994 Crime Act. 14 tables and 12 references
Main Term(s): Sentencing statistics
Index Term(s): State courts ; Determinate Sentencing ; State correctional facilities ; Sentencing reform
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=170032

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.