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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: NCJ 172836     Find in a Library
Title: Trying Juveniles as Adults in Criminal Court: An Analysis of State Transfer Provisions
Author(s): P Griffin ; P Torbet ; L Szymanski
Corporate Author: National Ctr for Juvenile Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Grant Number: 95-JN-FX-K003
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: HTML PDF (Report) PDF (Appendix) PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report delineates the distinctions among discretionary, mandatory and presumptive waivers of juveniles into adult criminal court.
Abstract: From 1992 through 1995, 40 States and the District of Columbia passed laws making it easier for juveniles to be tried as adults. To better understand the growing trend and the potential impact on youth crime, this paper examines the nature of offenses that trigger such transfers and various mechanisms used to effect them. The paper discusses direct file provisions, which typically authorize the prosecutor to determine jurisdiction based on age/offense categories, and statutory exclusions, which remove certain offenses or age/offense categories from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. In addition, the report covers "once an adult/always an adult" provisions; transfer for nonviolent offenses; requirements for additional pretransfer findings; evidentiary standards for waivers and transfers; transfer treatment based on an individual's record; devices to limit prosecutorial discretion; and minimum age provisions. Notes, tables, appendix
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Jurisdiction ; Rules of evidence ; Pretrial procedures ; Prosecutorial discretion ; Juvenile court waiver ; Juvenile crime control ; Juvenile court judicial discretion ; Juvenile Corrections/Detention trends ; Juvenile Corrections/Detention Decisionmaking
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=172836

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