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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 172836     Find in a Library
  Title: Trying Juveniles as Adults in Criminal Court: An Analysis of State Transfer Provisions
  Document URL: HTML PDF (Report) PDF (Appendix) 
  Author(s): P Griffin ; P Torbet ; L Szymanski
  Corporate Author: National Ctr for Juvenile Justice
United States of America
  Date Published: 1998
  Page Count: 29
  Annotation: This report delineates the distinctions among discretionary, mandatory and presumptive waivers of juveniles into adult criminal court.
  Abstract: From 1992 through 1995, 40 States and the District of Columbia passed laws making it easier for juveniles to be tried as adults. To better understand the growing trend and the potential impact on youth crime, this paper examines the nature of offenses that trigger such transfers and various mechanisms used to effect them. The paper discusses direct file provisions, which typically authorize the prosecutor to determine jurisdiction based on age/offense categories, and statutory exclusions, which remove certain offenses or age/offense categories from the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. In addition, the report covers "once an adult/always an adult" provisions; transfer for nonviolent offenses; requirements for additional pretransfer findings; evidentiary standards for waivers and transfers; transfer treatment based on an individual's record; devices to limit prosecutorial discretion; and minimum age provisions. Notes, tables, appendix
  Main Term(s): Juveniles
  Index Term(s): Jurisdiction ; Rules of evidence ; Pretrial procedures ; Prosecutorial discretion ; Juvenile court waiver ; Juvenile crime control ; Juvenile court judicial discretion ; Juvenile Corrections/Detention trends ; Juvenile Corrections/Detention Decisionmaking
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Grant Number: 95-JN-FX-K003
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=172836

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