skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 175000 Find in a Library
Title: Assessing the Effects of School-Based Drug Education: A Six- Year Multilevel Analysis of Project D.A.R.E.
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:35  Issue:4  Dated:November 1998  Pages:381-412
Author(s): D P Rosenbaum; G S Hanson
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: Illinois State Police
Springfield, IL 62794
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A randomized longitudinal field experiment was conducted to estimate the short-term and long-term effects of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program (D.A.R.E.) on students' attitudes, beliefs, social skills, and drug use behaviors.
Abstract: Students from urban, suburban and rural schools (n=1,798) were followed for more than 6 years, with surveys administered each year from 6th through 12th grades. Teachers were also surveyed annually to measure students' cumulative exposure to supplemental (post-D.A.R.E.) drug education. Multilevel analyses (random-effects ordinal regression) were conducted on seven waves of posttreatment data. The results show that D.A.R.E. had no long-term effects on a wide range of drug-use measures, nor did it show a lasting impact on hypothesized mediating variables, with one exception. Previously documented short-term effects had dissipated by the conclusion of the study. Some D.A.R.E.-by- community interactions were observed; urban and rural students showed some benefits; whereas, suburban students experienced small but significant increases in drug use after participating in D.A.R.E. The study concludes that it may be time to re- examine drug prevention policies and practices. Policy makers, searching for a magic bullet to the drug problem, have expected too much from a single program. Compounding the problem, parents, educators, and police officers have confused program popularity with program effectiveness. The logical next step is for the Federal Government to fund a large randomized field trial in diverse settings, testing various prototype curriculum elements with alternative delivery systems. 1 figure, 8 tables, and 60 references
Main Term(s): Drug abuse education
Index Term(s): Drug prevention programs; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs; Juvenile drug abusers; Longitudinal studies; Project DARE
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=175000

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.