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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 175000 Find in a Library
Title: Assessing the Effects of School-Based Drug Education: A Six- Year Multilevel Analysis of Project D.A.R.E.
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:35  Issue:4  Dated:November 1998  Pages:381-412
Author(s): D P Rosenbaum; G S Hanson
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: Illinois State Police
Springfield, IL 62794
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A randomized longitudinal field experiment was conducted to estimate the short-term and long-term effects of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program (D.A.R.E.) on students' attitudes, beliefs, social skills, and drug use behaviors.
Abstract: Students from urban, suburban and rural schools (n=1,798) were followed for more than 6 years, with surveys administered each year from 6th through 12th grades. Teachers were also surveyed annually to measure students' cumulative exposure to supplemental (post-D.A.R.E.) drug education. Multilevel analyses (random-effects ordinal regression) were conducted on seven waves of posttreatment data. The results show that D.A.R.E. had no long-term effects on a wide range of drug-use measures, nor did it show a lasting impact on hypothesized mediating variables, with one exception. Previously documented short-term effects had dissipated by the conclusion of the study. Some D.A.R.E.-by- community interactions were observed; urban and rural students showed some benefits; whereas, suburban students experienced small but significant increases in drug use after participating in D.A.R.E. The study concludes that it may be time to re- examine drug prevention policies and practices. Policy makers, searching for a magic bullet to the drug problem, have expected too much from a single program. Compounding the problem, parents, educators, and police officers have confused program popularity with program effectiveness. The logical next step is for the Federal Government to fund a large randomized field trial in diverse settings, testing various prototype curriculum elements with alternative delivery systems. 1 figure, 8 tables, and 60 references
Main Term(s): Drug abuse education
Index Term(s): Drug prevention programs; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs; Juvenile drug abusers; Longitudinal studies; Project DARE
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